The contract concords are generally those of category la otherwise 9

The contract concords are generally those of category la otherwise 9

What’s somewhat intriguing, but not, would be the fact pertaining to place-brands during the Shona the latest difference as to whether an area derived their name from specific body’s morphosyntactically related

28 decide to try of one’s different types of right noun, the issues and that develop, as well as their you can service for noun class. Which try have a tendency to specialize in personal names, country and you can area labels, towns and cities and semiurban agreements, home-based animals, rivers, and you may slopes and you will hills. It is hoped this attempt, even in the event arbitrarily chosen, are, with regards to the morphosyntactic behavior, associate an adequate amount of all the various version of right nouns you to are found about Shona industry. The final point is the end. step one.2 Theoretic presumptions It is essentially accepted kod promocyjny tendermeets you to best nouns inhabit a posture on linguistic program away from a vocabulary that is distinctive from that well-known nouns. In this study a separation is created ranging from facets and this associate towards source off proper nouns and their condition because linguistic gadgets at the present time. Put simply, a significant difference is being generated involving the etymology of these proper nouns as well as their synchronic status (find Raper ). It’s conceded right here the ones from a simply synchronic section out-of view proper nouns (otherwise names, since onomasticians refer to them as) has actually source, simply because they signify identifiable entities regarding natural (if not fictional) industry, however they don’t enjoys lexical meaning otherwise experience (Louwrens 1994:4). For example, dombo shdvd a brown stone and musana right back (away from an individual are or animal) as buildings was correspondingly an excellent noun phrase for the category 5 and you can a common noun into the class step three. The name and therefore comes throughout the basic construction try Dombdshava (cl 9) Domboshava town and you may on the 2nd is actually Musand (cl la) Musana (your own term), demonstrating some demonstrably that control over grammatical contract enjoys managed to move on to that particular away from noun classes nine and you may la respectively. However, pertaining to Musana, a place-name will be produced by it, particularly Musana (cl la/9) and that refers to Master Musana s country. cit. p. 9) highlights is that after nomination (to make use of Lyons label) has brought place, new morphology of your own erstwhile noun about what the geographic name depends becomes obsolete into extent your brand new moderate prefix manages to lose their updates because the a beneficial prefixal morpheme. Put another way, by the process of nomination the initial classification prefix is actually rendered inoperative for the reason that, as a component of a genuine noun, you can no longer identify they synchronically because a distinct morpheme. (I are obligated to pay the phrase nomination so you’re able to Lyons () whom used it to indicate a process where an excellent 356

So what can feel concluded from these observations, while the Louwrens (op

29 name is assigned to an organization.) Consequently, it’s seen that semantic possess generated by nomination usually override authoritative possess pertaining to the fresh command over grammatical agreement inside the Bantu languages. It’s obvious following you to, seen synchronically, proper nouns is actually unable to being analysed morphologically. By way of example Musana, while the title from an area, continues to behave as an excellent noun regarding classification la, not only in grammatical contract, but also during the inflections including the copulative together with possessive. Obviously, due to the fact already noted significantly more than, it age such as for instance Domboshava, which is not produced from a personal term, changes the noun group since an enthusiastic lay-identity and you may acts since the a good noun from category 9 in every respects. step 1.step three Standards having noun class project As stated above, in order to dictate this new noun group for the and this a given best noun belongs, specific conditions would-be functioning. These standards is split into three models, namely the newest inflection sort of, the brand new locative particular therefore the concord types of. The latest inflection sort of comes with brand new predicative (or copulative) inflection, brand new possessive inflection together with adverbial/conjoining inflection. This new locative kind of is sold with the fresh locative prefixes (pa-, ku-, mu-) due to the fact an appartment. The latest concord variety of standard constitutes all concordial affixes, e.g. demonstrative, decimal, also that the latest pronoun. This new inflection in addition to locative requirements form just what will end up being called to help you once the center standards, because the concord standard would-be considered the new peripheral expectations. The former is actually considered to be key requirements as their fool around with with a given right noun causes the option of you to definitely means simply of which one other you’ll be able to members of the latest lay are omitted. Concurrently, use with an excellent peripheral standard can result in the option of you to definitely or any other out-of alternative kinds of an appartment. A few of these aspects of grammar which happen to be exemplified significantly more than is actually, with the aim in hand, treated abundantly by Fortune (1985). The hypotheses which we progress listed below are the following: the center standards as mentioned significantly more than should determine brand new noun classification to your which certain right noun falls; together with functionality of your peripheral expectations was shorter by semantic determine out-of hyponymy. As the regard to such requirements would-be generated seem to about text message, they’ll be portrayed less than having fun with nouns regarding categories la, 5, nine and you can 17a. 357

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